What does SATB mean?

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What does SATB mean in music terms?

 

In music, SATB is an initialism for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, defining the voices required by a chorus or choir to perform a particular musical work. Pieces written for SATB, the commonest combination and that used by most hymn tunes, can be sung by choruses of mixed genders, by choirs of men and boys, or by four soloists.

There is a lack of general agreement on the initialisms and/or abbreviations for any but these, the four most frequently encountered voices.

Other initialisms/abbreviations often met with in this context include Tr for Treble, Mz (or similar) for Mezzo-soprano, Ba, Bar or Bari for Baritone and C for Contralto, this latter tending to define the gender of the alto(s) expected to sing the part which, if called A, might otherwise be thought suitable for Countertenors (Ct). SCTB is therefore commonly found in Romantic Italian opera choruses where the Alto singers portray a group of female protagonists on stage.

 

SATB div. (divisi, or divided) denotes that one or more individual parts divide into two or more parts at some point in the piece, often sharing the same stave. A single choir with two of each voice type should be written SSAATTBB, unless it is laid out for two identical choirs, in which case it is SATB/SATB. Soloists are written in small type, e.g. satb/SATB. In both these instances a space may be substituted for /. Publishers usually include such descriptions in their catalogues of choral works although many fail to provide sufficient detail, commonly omitting, for example, the term div. where it is required fully to describe the resources required by the composer. Also misleading can be the use of B for a Baritone part or S for an Mz part as for example in Stanford's motet "Eternal Father" which is scored for SMzATBarB, not SSATBB.

Initialisms of this kind may also be used to specify the vocal constituents of an ensemble of solo singers.

 

Instrumental music

SATB can also refer to ensembles of four instruments from the same family, such as saxophones (soprano, alto, tenor and baritone) or recorders. Also, the individual contrapuntal parts of many instrumental compositions, particularly fugues, such as those found in Bach's "The Art of Fugue" and "The Musical Offering", may also be called SATB.

SATB is an initialism for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, defining the voices required by a chorus or choir to perform a particular musical work.

Magnus Choir is a virtual instrument plug-in which can be used to create natural and synthetic choirs, using a combination of synthesis and sampling. The male and female choruses combine to form a mixed chorus, featuring the classic SATB (Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass) structure: women sing Soprano and Alto, while men sing Tenor and Bass. In music, SATB is an initialism for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, defining the voices required by a chorus or choir to perform a particular musical work. Pieces written for SATB, the commonest combination and that used by most hymn tunes, can be sung by choruses of mixed genders, by choirs of men and boys, or by four soloists. no serial, crack, keygen, warez, full, fully, registered

 Magnus Choir Audio Unit (AU .component) + VST for Mac OS X      Magnus Choir Mac OS X

 Magnus Choir NKI Sample Library for NI Kontakt    Magnus Choir Apple Logic EXS24 Samples

 

 

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